Some of the materials used to make biomass pellets include barley straw, sawdust, switchgrass, bark, logging leftovers among others. Biomass pellets are used in commercial settings and in homes.
Pellet stoves and boilers are easy to use when one is using biomass pellets.
In some cases, instead of waiting for the waste products of farms, energy crops can be grown for making pellets and they include switchgrass, hemp, reed canary grass, miscanthus just to mention of a few.
Land that is not suitable for farming can be used to grow this energy plants that are used to make biomass pellets. There is also growing demand for this biomass pellets and production needs to increase to meet that demand. Homeowners also have the option of making their own biomass pellets using equipment that they can buy that is suitable for home use.
Making biomass pellets at home requires extra time to do this task and others may not have this time.
One should consider using biomass pellets because they are more energy dense and easy to use. When one is using biomass pellets, they use environmentally friendly fuel and this makes it ecologically sound to use it. Biomass pellets are small and they come in a cylindrical shape.
Pellets come in a dry, hard form and this last a long time. Good quality pellets also leave a small amount of ash after burning. Biomass pellets come in two forms such as the premium pellets and standard pellets.
The two types of pellets can be differentiated by the amount of ash they produce after combustion. Premium pellets are the most common types of pellets in the market and they have an ash content of less than 1%. The percentage of ash for standard pellets is close to 2% or slightly more.
Biomass pellet stoves are used for special biomass pellets that are not made from wood because wood normally clumps when used in these stoves. The process of making biomass pellets includes feedstock grinding, moisture control, cooling and extrusion before any packaging is done.
When each step is carried out well, the result will be high-quality biomass pellets.
Some of the other materials that can be used for making biomass pellets are waste paper, cordwood, residual forest waste, cornstalks and other agricultural by-products.
One can find that biomass pellets are normally uniform in shape, moisture, size, energy content and density. Since the pellets are small they are easy to store and transport to one’s home or business. A business or home can have a lot of energy stored in their home or business despite the small size of the pellets.